POPLAR PLANTATION INFORMATION
Poplar in their natural range occur interspersed throughout the
Northern agricultural productive land with in short duration of 5 to
8yrs. In world 24 important countries with 35 species undertaking Poplar
plantations. In India Poplar is widely planted above 28 degree N
latitude in Haryana, Punjab, H.P., U.P., J&K, North Bengal, Uttrakhand
and Arunachal Pradesh. We get positive reports after trials in South and
Central India. About 1.0 lacs hectare area has so far being covered now
under Poplar Plantation in the state of Haryana, Punjab, U.P. and
In India poplars grow in areas having mean minimum and maximum
temperature of 6 degree C to 45 degree C, respectively and springs must
be free from late frost.
Poplar generally perform best on fertile loamy soil rich in
Organic matter. Clayey loam, sandy loam, well drainage soil between 5.8
to 8.5 p.H. are suitable but not beyond 9.0 p.H. for the Poplar
plantation. Heavy saline and alkaline soil should be avoided.
G-48, Udai, W-22, W-32, W-39, A-26, S-7 C-15, S-7 C-8, are
suitable clones for agro forestry. S-7 C-15 and S-7 C-8 are best suited
clones for clayey loam soils.
Height of Plants
25th Dec to 15th Jan > 5 mtrs
15th Jan to 15th Feb 4 to 5 mtrs
15th Feb to 10th Mar 3 to 4 mtrs
Otherwise mortality can occur more than 10%
HANDLING OF ETP's
Sapling immediately after transfer from nursery are placed in
storage pits filled with fresh water for 48hrs to 96hrs. Therefore,
proper storage under fresh water must be ensured. Prevention of lost of
moisture or dehydration of the ETP's from nursery uprooting till same
are planted in the field, is of up most importance for success poplars.
If the plant suffer dehydration and damage of phloem and cambium layers,
the damage will be irreversible. Therefore, prevent dehydration and
drying of ETP's as a top priority measure. Unless the epical tip of any
ETP is damaged, no trimming of the growing tip should be carried out.
Two full sized drums should be arranged for pre-treatment of
ETP's just before planting. All thick long and damaged roots are to be
pruned upto length of 7cm of the main stem. Prior to planting the
sapling a length upto 1m from roots are soaked in chloropyriphos (250ml
in 100ltr. water) for 10 minutes as a protection against termite/pest
attack. Thereafter the saplings are placed in Emisan -6 (200gm in
100ltr. water) for 20 minutes to prevent fungal infection. No root
trimming should be done after plant is treated. All the trimmings must
be done before treatment of plants.
TRANSPLANTING INTO PITS
Pits of one mtr. deep are made with augers having diameter of
15cm. The seedlings are planted straight in the hole and mixture of top
soil., 2kg FYM, 50gms SSP, 25gm MOP is filled and packed with hands. The
upper 10cm, pits should be kept unfilled to give maximum advantage of
irrigation water to plant for their better survival. But no compaction
should be done at this stage.
Apply first flood irrigation just after planting the saplings
into pits. After first irrigation, the level of soil in the pits will go
down lowing the upper part of the pits unfilled. It should allowed to
remain like that. Just before third irrigation it should be filled in
completely with the soil and proper compaction should be arranged with
the help of thick wooden scale. Make sure that plants position
vertically and there is no space between the soil and the plants it
should remain without any damage.
I st Weekly Fortnightly
IInd Weekly Fortnightly
IIIrd Fortnightly Monthly
IVth Fortnightly Monthly
Vth Fortnightly Monthly
VIth Fortnightly Monthly
Excluding the period during which there maybe reasonably good
rains (July - Sept). Such weekly irrigation during the first year must
continue till the onset of monsoons.
Cultivation of sugar cane be preferred along with the poplar
during the first 2 years. All the crops can be growth except paddy.
After two years ginger and turmeric can be cultivated in the shade of
poplar trees. Poplar growing orchids has gained popularity in recent
SPACING FOR PLANTATION
In Agro forestry each tree needs about 20-25 m2 space for its
optimum growth. Best spacing for plants are:-
Spacing Mode Of
Planting Plantation[ Per Hectare]
5m X 5m With Inter
5m X 4m - do
6m X 2m - do
7m X 2m - do
8m X 2m - do
4m X 3m For pure block
5 X 2 m
Planting on farm boundaries 2m space in plants and on water channels 2m
X 2m in triangular system should be done.
PRUNING AND LEADER TRAINING
Some of the plants may not sprout at all and this can be
ascertained by inspecting the buds of the plants. If the buds don't the
signs of swelling/opening, the plant should be cut back in early may at
the ground level. During the first year of growth, debudding operation
should be carried out in the lowest 1/3 part of the stem in May and June
without any damage of bark and stem. Removal of co-leader should also be
carried out simultaneously and be repeated after completion of 2 year
growth. At the age of 2-3 years the lower 1/3 portion and in 4-5 years
the lower 1/2 portion of the tree should be pruned. Excessive pruning is
injurious as it encourages development of vigorous epicormic branches
and retard diameter growth. After first year, pruning and leader
training operations should be carried out only during winter. It should
not be in summer or rainy season. Bordeaux paste must be applied
immediately after carrying out pruning/leader training operation.
Years Month Urea
+ SSP/Plant O.M or F.Y.M / Plant
I June, July,
August 50 gms. 8
I1 June, July,
August 80 gms. 10
III June, July,
August 150 gms. 15
IV Onwards June, July, August 200
When Poplar are combined with agricultural crops fertilizers are
not applied separately for trees and doses of Urea +SSP be half when
applied O.M or F.Y.M
MONITORING OF GROWTH RATES
The girth should be measured at 1.37m height above ground level.
The desirable minimum acceptable girth at the end of each year growth
should be as under:-
Age in Years Desired Target (In
Ist Year 8 - 12
IInd Year 12 - 16
IIIrd Year 16 - 22
IVth Year 22 - 28
Vth Year 28 - 32
VIth Year 32 - 36
VIIth Year 36 - 42
VIIIth Year 42 - 48
ECONOMY AT HARVESTING
Data's shown on average basis of Yamuna Nagar timber market per
plant in 2011.
inches) Weight (In Qtls.) Market
(Price/Qtls.) Value (In Rs)
Oversize > 24
2.00 900 - 1100 1800 - 2000
1.25 750 - 850 925 - 1050
12-18 .8-1.00 650 -
700 520 - 700
8-12 .50 500 -
600 250 - 300
Roots & Branches -----
.80 225 - 250 180 - 200
On the basis of analysis Poplar tree more than 34 to 36 inches
girth at the height (1.6m) 5' from ground level and approx. 80 feet in
height fetches Rs. 3500 to Rs. 4000 per tree. Total income of Rs. 5.0 to
6.0 Lacs approx. can be obtained from one
Poplars are considered suitable for plywood, ply board, packaging
cases, pulp for paper, wood, sports goods, match splints, artificial
limbs, structural uses, leaves as fodder, fuel wood. Some clones are
differently used as tonic, stimulant and blood purifier, against cold,
cleaning teeth, also reported to be effective in the cure of hemorrhoids.
1. Termites :- Gain entry from the injured part of the
roots/stem near the ground and seriously damaged the xylem, often
resulting in the death of the plants. Treated with chloropyriphos 2.5
ltr. per acre or 4 to 5ml per plants twice in a year with frequent
irrigation should be arranged.
2. Stem Borer :- Spread Phorate - 10G with 8kg per acre
upto second year of plantation or inject kerosene oil in stem 2 to 5 ml
3. Pygeria :- Spray Carbyl 50%w.P 250 - 300gm with 2 ppm
ratio or 400 - 500ml Monocrotophos 36SL per acre.
4. Bark Insects :- Bordeaux paste upto 4 feet from ground
level in month of march.
5. Leaf Defoliators :- Spray Monocrotophos 500 - 600ml,
Chloropyriphos + cypermethrin 750ml, Lara or Hiltron 1.5% V.V. per acre.
Attack noticed in month of July.
6. Mites :- Spray with 2ml Roger 30 E.C or Matasystox per
ltr of water and to be repeated after interval of 15 days.
1. Color Rot :- Color Rot cause death of plants through
roots. Treat roots with Emisan -6, 4 to 5gm per plant in deep root zone
2. Blights :- It effects the leaves during the month of
August and September control with 0.2% Bavastin or 0.1% Balaton sprayed
twice in a month.
3. Wilt :- It seems first time in Poplar plantation during
May & June. Spray with 500 gm per acre sulphar-80% W.P with frequent
irrigation in these months.
1. Zink Deficiency :- Its quite common in many areas and
its shown yellowing of intervenal space of the leaves. Zink Sulphate -
21% applied with 10kg per acre.
Sun Scratches or Fire Damaging :- The bark becomes cancured in
patches and may flick off. The scars are usually in both cases on one
side. While wash of the stem with lime water containing small quantities
of Copper Sulphate can help to minimize this damage.